Smoking / Smoking Cessation / Stop Smoking

Hypnotherapy notes

Hypnotherapy is the main technique employed to effect smoking cessation.

There are two main approaches:

The concensus seems to favour the single session approach. The multi session approach could be considered for those with low motivation or where underlying issues clearly have a substantial role to play.

Where appropriate NLP techniques can also be utilised and self-help techniques including self-hypnosis should be conveyed.

Multimedia: The new UK cigarette pack images

Multimedia: Exit www.changingstates.co.ukThe effect of nicotine

All your healthy behaviour such as healthy eating / exercise means little if you continue to smoke. Most people know that smoking is bad for them, but not many people know just how bad it is, or need to be reminded.

Every cigarette shortens your life by 14 minutes. Unfortunately, this applies not only to the years between the age of 80 and death. Of the 300-400 people who die every day in the UK as a result of smoking, many are comparatively young smokers.

The number of people under 70 years of age dying from smoking-related diseases exceeds the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents and drug addiction. Moreover, death from smoking is usually a drawn-out and painful process.

The facts

Every year, smoking costs a total of 121,700 lives in the UK. Most people know that smoking can cause lung cancer , but it can also cause many other cancers and illnesses. In the UK, about 46,000 people die each year of smoking-related cancers; a further 34,300 die slowly from emphysema and other chronic lung diseases. The remaining 41,400 deaths are caused by coronary and circulatory diseases.

Whether people eat a healthy diet or otherwise, smoking is the principal cause of arteriosclerosis, and hardened arteries can cause thrombosis in the brain and heart. You may be fortunate enough to survive these events, but afterwards you could be dependent on medicine and personal care for the rest of your life.

Can smoking be good for you?

It has been suggested that smoking reduces the risk of Parkinson's disease and uterine cancer. The research is controversial and, by its nature, likely to attract widespread publicity. In contrast, medical science now has a very clear picture of the damage that smoking can cause, from infertility to breast cancer that requires mastectomy, and, as mentioned earlier, lung, throat and mouth cancers. The message that 'smoking is bad for you' is an old one: consequently, not everyone pays it their full attention.

  • Smoking causes asthma.
  • Tobacco worsens blood clots.
  • Heart patients have everything to gain.
  • Smokers take more days off sick.
  • Smoking and cancer.
  • Smokers' wounds are slow to heal.
  • Tobacco damages the mouth and teeth.
  • Smoke can damage your eyes.

Is nicotine as addictive as heroin?

Not even slightly. The psychoactive effects of nicotine are very, very minimal when compared to the effects of e.g. heroin and in comparison the withdrawal effects of nicotine are non existent.

What's worse - smoking or alcohol?

Alcohol "costs" society far more in terms of deaths and injuries than is the case with smoking. Alcohol is also vastly more psychoactive.

Take a look at the maths...



Cigs per day Cost per day Cost per year Cigs per year Mins lost per year Days lost per year Years lost per decade
10 2.50 913 3,650 51,100 35 1
20 4.50 1,643 7,300 102,200 71 2
30 7.00 2,555 10,950 153,300 106 3
40 9.00 3,285 14,600 204,400 142 4
50 11.50 4,198 18,250 255,500 177 5
60 14.00 5,110 21,900 306,600 213 6


Want a personalised view?

The automatic calculator below will only function if javascript is enabled. Simply enter how long you have been smoking, how many you smoke per day and cost if different from £8.74 per day.

How many cigarettes do you smoke per day?
How many years have you been smoking?
Assumed cost of a pack of 20
Calculated daily cost
Calculated annual cost
Calculated cost to date
Calculated cigarettes per year
Calculated mins lost per year
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Calculated years lost so far
Calculated life expectancy (assuming an average of 75 yrs)

Exit www.changingstates.co.ukSee also "The High Cost of Smoking" (MSN Money)


Diagnostic and statistical manual criteria (DSM)



Research: Misc

Barabasz, Arreed F.; Baer, Lee; Sheehan, David V.; Barabasz, Marianne (1986). A three-year follow-up of hypnosis and restricted environmental stimulation therapy for smoking. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 34, 169-181.

Barber, 2001 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis Volume: 49 Issue: 3 Pages: 257-266

Barkley, R. A.; Hastings, J. E.; Jackson, T. L., Jr. (1977). The effects of rapid smoking and hypnosis in the treatment of smoking behavior. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 25 (1), 7-17.

Basker, M. A. (1985). Hypnosis in the alleviation of the smoking habit. In Waxman, D.; Misra, P. C.; Gibson, M.; Basker, M. A. (Ed.), Modern trends in hypnosis (pp. 269-276). New York: Plenum Press.

Berkowitt, B.; Rosstown, A.; Kchberge, R. (1979). Hypnotic treatment of smoking - single treatment method revisited. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136 (1), 83-85.

Capafons, A.; Amigs, S. (1995). Emotional self-regulation therapy for smoking reduction: Description and initial empirical data.. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 43 (1), 7-19.

Cohen, Sheldon B. (1969). Hypnosis and smoking. Journal of the American Medical Association, 208, 335-337. (Abstracted in Index Medicus, 1969, 6809)

Crasilneck, Harold B.; Hall, James A. (1968). The use of hypnosis in controlling cigarette smoking. Southern Medical Journal, 61, 999-1002.

Ewin, D. M. (1977). Hypnosis to control smoking habit [Abstract]. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 19, 696-697.

Frank, R. G.; Umlauf, R. L.; Wonderlich, S. A.; Ashkanazi, G. S. (1986). Hypnosis and behavioral treatment in the worksite smoking cessation program. Addictive Behaviors, 11 (1), 59-62. Gmur, M.; Tschopp, A. (1987). Factors determining the success of nicotine withdrawal: 12-year follow-up of 532 smokers after suggestion therapy (by a faith healer). International Journal of Addictions, 22, 1189-1200.

Grayson, G. I. (1975). Hypnosis as an aid to stopping smoking. American Review of Respiratory Diseases, 111 (6), 941-942.

Holroyd, Jean (1980). Hypnosis treatment for smoking: An evaluative review. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 28 (4), 341-357.





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